The fertile alluvia of Vaunage have enabled crops to be grown for millennia. These crops were ground by craftsmen using rollers, most often made of sandstone. The first “millstones” were rectangular. The sandstone was replaced with basalt. Later, the millstones became circular, enabling them to rotate. However, these millstones were still operated manually. In Vaunage, the traces of the first crop came from La Liquière (to the N/NE of Calvisson). It was wheat. The crops grown in Vaunage were wheat, barley and, to a lesser extent, oat.

Water mills

  • Mills on the Rhôny tributaries. Four mills upstream of Calvisson.
  • Marks on the ground.

  • Parran mill: Above the Font de Floran. A section of thick wall survives.
  • Mill upstream of the bridge on the Escattes stream.
  • A building remains.

  • Foulhaquet mill: To the south of Calvisson. A storied building.
  • Jalot mill: Where the Escattes crosses the Tourelle.
  • Livières Mill: On the Tourille stream, originating in Congénies. Nothing remains.
  • Tourille mill: To the SE of Maruéjols. Nothing remains.
  • Jean de Lion mill: Upstream of the Rhôny and the Escattes stream – ruins remain.
  • Pascalet mill: Located on the Rhôny. Ruins.


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